A hiatal hernia happens when part of your stomach bulges up and through the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. It has a small opening called a hiatus.
There are two types of hiatal hernia. A sliding hernia causes part of your stomach and esophagus to slide up through the hiatus of the diaphragm. The other type is a paraesophageal hernia. This type of hernia causes part of your stomach to squeeze through the hiatus. This impacts the blood supply to your stomach. A hiatal hernia repair corrects both of these serious conditions.
When a Hiatal Hernia Repair is Needed
Our doctors recommend a hiatal hernia repair if you have symptoms associated with your condition. Heartburn, frequent burping, and indigestion are common symptoms with a sliding hiatal hernia. All paraesophageal hernias require a repair. It is important that any heartburn and indigestion symptoms be investigated and treated. This is because the pain of heartburn often mimics the chest pains of a heart attack. A hiatal hernia is most common in women, people who are overweight, and people who are over the age of 50 years.