Since an incisional hernia bulge isn’t always noticeable at all times, a patient may be asked to cough or purposely make an effort to exert abdominal pressure to see if a bulge can be felt around the area where surgery was performed. Image tests aren’t always necessary, but they may be done if there’s a need to determine the extent of tissue damage.
A compression garment such as a hernia truss may be recommended if an incisional hernia is minor and not producing any serious or disruptive symptoms. However, the only permanent way to treat an incisional hernia is with surgery.
It’s important to seek immediate medical assistance if there are signs suggesting that a hernia has become incarcerated or strangulated, which means it’s cutting off the supply of blood to protruding tissues. Signs that this may be the case include severe abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.