During the gestation period that occurs between conception and birth, an umbilical cord will naturally pass through a baby’s abdominal muscles. This opening should close soon after the birth has occurred. However, there are times when the muscles won’t join back together like they’re supposed to, which could leave you or your child open to suffering from this type of hernia. This condition develops in adults because of an undue amount of pressure in the abdomen. Some of the main causes of pressure on the abdomen include a previous surgery in the area, multiple pregnancies, obesity, and peritoneal dialysis for the treatment of kidney failure. Risk factors among babies include being born at a low weight or being born prematurely.
When a baby experiences an umbilical hernia, it’s likely that this hernia will close on its own within a couple of years. A doctor may also be able to push the hernia gently into place. Surgery can be administered to children suffering from an umbilical hernia if the hernia is particularly large or has yet to disappear by the age of four. Among adults, surgery is the most common treatment method to ensure that additional complications are avoided.